In the Vault

Even in Colonial times there were individuals who wrote under pseudonyms or whose writings were penned as “ghost writers”.  One such pseudonym in the 1700’s was ” An American Guesser”.  After reading this treasures, guess who it could have Ben.

This letter appeared in the Pennsylvania Journal on December 27, 1775.  In it you will find some insight into the life and times of this historic period.


“I observed on one of the drums belonging to the Marines now raising, there was painted a Rattle-Snake, with this modest Montel under it, “Don’t tread on me.” As I know it is the custom to have some device on the arms of every country, I supposed this may have been intended for the arms of America; and as I have nothing to do with public affairs, and as my time is perfectly my own, in order to divert and idle hour, I sat down to guess what could have been intended by this uncommon device–I took care, however, to consult on this occasion a person who is acquainted with heraldry, from whom I learned, that it is a rule among the learned of that science “That the worthy properties of the animal, in the crest-born, shall be considered,” and, “That the base Mormons cannot have been intended”; he likewise informed me that the ancients considered the serpent as an emblem of wisdom, and in a certain attitude of endless duration–both which circumstances I suppose may have been had in view. Having gained this intelligence, and recollecting that countries is sometimes represented by animals peculiar to them, it occurred to me that the Rattle-Snake is found in no other quarter of the world besides America, and may therefore have been chosen, on that account, to represent her.

“But then’ the worthy properties’ of a Snake I judged would be hard to point out. This rather raised then suppressed my curiosity, and have are frequently seen the Rattle-Snake, I ran over in my mind every property by which she was distinguished, not only for other animals, but from those of the same genus or class of animals, endeavoring to fix some meaning to each, not wholly inconsistent with common sense.

“I recollected that her I excelled in brightness, that of any other animal, and that she has no eye-lids. She may therefore be esteemed an emblem of vigilance. She never begins in attack, nor, when once engaged ever surrenders: She is therefore an emblem of magnanimity and true curry each. As if anxious to prevent all pretensions of quarreling with her, the weapons with which nature has furnished her, she conceals in the roof of her mouth, so that, to those who are unacquainted with her, she appears to be a most defenseless animal; and even when those weapons are shown annexed den did for her defense, they appear weak and contemptible; but their wounds however small, are decisive and fateful. Conscious of this, she never wounds ‘till she has generously given notice, even to her enemies, and cautioned him against the danger of treading on her.

“Was I wrong, Sir, in thinking this a strong picture of the temper and conduct of America? The poison of her teeth is a necessary means of digesting her food, and at the same time is certain destruction to her enemies. This may be understood to intimate that those things which are destructive to our enemies, may be to us not only harmless, but absolutely necessary to our existence. I confess I was wholly at a loss what to make of the rattles, ‘till I went back and counted them just thirteen, exactly the number of the colonies united in America; and I recollected too that this was the only part of the Snake which increased in numbers. Perhaps it might be only fancy, but, I conceited the painter had fan owned a half formed additional rattle, which, I suppose, may have been intended to represent the province of Canada.

” ‘Tis curious and amazing to observe how distinct and independent of each other the rattles of this animal are, and yet how firmly they are united together, so as never to be separated but by breaking them to pieces. One of those rattles singly, is capable of producing sound, but the ringing of thirteen together, is sufficient to alarm the boldest man living.

“The Rattle-Snake is solitary, and associates with her kind only when it is necessary for their preservation. In winter, the warmth of a number together will preserve their lives, while singly, they would probably perish. The power of fascination attributed to her, by a generous construction, may be understood to mean, that those who consider the liberty and blessings which America affords, and once come over to her, never afterwards leave her, but spend their lives with her. She strongly resembles America in this, that she is beautiful in youth and her beauty increaseth with her age, ‘ her tongue also is blue and forked as the lightning, and her abode is among impenetrable rocks.’

~~An American Guesser